From the mid 16th Century, basket hilt swords were common in Scotland. The idea of a basket hilt is to protect the hand when in combat.
This style of sword was used by Rob Roy MacGregor and the Jacobites at the Battles of Killiecrankie in 1689 and Culloden in 1746.
The favourite fighting method was with a broadsword in one hand and a targe (shield) in the other arm.
Never has there been a sword so strongly identified with a people as the Claymore with the Scots, the basket hilted Claymore has been the symbol of the warrior race of Scotland for hundreds of years.
The Scottish basket-hilt sword is often distinguished from others by the velvet liner inside the basket (often in red), and also sometimes by additional decorative tassels on the hilt or pomme.